Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern by Lev, E., Amar, Z.

By Lev, E., Amar, Z.

The authors supply a brand new perception to the perform of remedy within the medieval global. They learn the medicinal prescriptions and references to materia medica of the Cairo Genizah by means of combining the ways of ethnobotany and background of medication.

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Practical Materia Medica of the Medieval Eastern Mediterranean According to the Cairo Genizah (Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series)

The authors offer a brand new perception to the perform of treatment within the medieval global. They learn the medicinal prescriptions and references to materia medica of the Cairo Genizah by way of combining the ways of ethnobotany and background of drugs.

Valuing Others in Classical Antiquity

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E. Lists of Materia Medica: Inventories of pharmacies and order slips for substances required by pharmacists from suppliers or traders. The seventy-one original lists of materia medica found in the Genizah are generally devoid of any heading that might explain their uses. However, since they are different from merchants’ letters, which discuss commerce in materia medica, and give no instructions on the use or preparation of a formula as a recipe, they were identified as lists. The lists of materia medica are treated in detail in part B, chapter 4.

The most important information emerging from the prescriptions is the medicinal substances in them: 242 substances were recorded in the prescriptions identified (table 2). A few more substances are recorded, however, since their main use was food; they are presented in Part D, Appendix 4. Various names of medicines were recorded as well, and these are set out in Part D, Appendix 3, with a short explanation of their uses and history. Table 2 Medicinal substances recorded in the Genizah prescriptions.

31 We discerned five main groups: A. Medical books which were copied by a professional copyist from works written by physicians and pharmacologists. So far 1360 fragments of medical books have been identified in the T-S collection. The books are in Arabic (740), Judaeo-Arabic (470), and Hebrew (150). As for authors’ identities, of the books already identified roughly one third were written by pagan classical authorities, including Galen and Hippocrates. 32 Another third of the books were written by Muslim writers, including Ibn Sīnā, al-Rāzī, Ibn al-Baytāˢ r, and ʚAlī b.

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