Electronics Explained by M. Brimicombe [low qual scan]

By M. Brimicombe [low qual scan]

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4 Contactless transmission protocols ISO/IEC 14 443 specifies the properties of contactless smart cards for use at a maximum distance of 10 cm from a terminal. 56 MHz that is generated by the terminal or PCD (proximity coupling device). Two different transmission techniques can be used for communication, since agreement on a single technique could not be reached during the preparation of the standard. They are called ISO/IEC 14 443 Type A and Type B and are mutually incompatible. However, commonly used terminals for contactless smart cards, as well as many types of smart card microcontrollers, support both transmission techniques.

Normally, it is only possible to read or write complete records although relatively recent operating systems also support access to partial records. The fifth type of file structure enables data objects to be stored in a TLV structure. In such a structure, each data object is identified by tag (T) and length (L) elements, which are followed by the actual data or value (V). This file structure can also be used to store nested data objects. Data objects can be read and stored using the GET DATA and PUT DATA commands.

The transmission methods ensure that these and similar conditions can be handled by the communicating parties in a defined manner. 3 Data Transmission 23 IFD (Terminal) ICC (Smart Card) Reset Optional portion PPS request Command APDU 1 → ← Startup smart card operating system ATR → ← PPS processing PPS response → ← Command processing Response APDU 1 ... 1 Logical sequence of transactions during smart card startup. 6. After the power-up sequence, the smart card operating system is started up and an ATR is transmitted.

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