By Wolfgang Wimmer
Stakeholders similar to environmental directives and consumer calls for for lowering environmental affects of a product require leading edge and environmentally superior items. as a result a scientific strategy and powerful tools and instruments are wanted within the early part of product development.
The easy components for optimized approach administration within the layout division are defined during this book.
The publication presents twelve effortless to stick to steps for enforcing ECODESIGN in a firm. It offers transparent recommendation tips to combine environmental issues into product layout and improvement, and combines ECODESIGN with lifestyles Cycle review and Environmental communique. Chapters on
Product modeling, lifestyles Cycle review, ECODESIGN projects, Product development and Environmental verbal exchange use the formerly constructed ECODESIGN PILOT (www.ecodesign.at/pilot) and convey its software to a true product example.
The booklet comes with net instruments: one is the ECODESIGN PILOT, used to discover measures to environmentally increase a product inside of a short while. the opposite is the ECODESIGN PILOT's Assistant (www.ecodesign.at/assist): a professional process, which is helping to discover the precise development technique for a product.
This publication can be of curiosity to environmental and sustainability managers, engineers in learn and product improvement, to designers, environmental specialists, and specialists, in addition to to scholars operating during this field.
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Extra info for ECODESIGN Implementation: A Systematic Guidance on Integrating Environmental Considerations into Product Development
Global warming is a rise in temperature in the atmosphere due to greenhouse gases such as CO2 and methane. The greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap heat reflected from the earth surface to the space. The heat trapped in the atmosphere results in increase in temperature in the atmosphere. This leads to the change in climate that causes severe drought, extreme torrential rain, change in vegetation and aquatic life and flooding of low lands. International effort such as the Kyoto protocol is being ratified by many nations to abate the global warming problem.
Here environmentally significant processes, materials and activities or so-called key issues are identified. The key issues are one of the most important results of the LCA study and they become starting points for environmental improvement of a product by identifying weak points of the product to be redesigned. The key issues are identified using the characterized impact. Normally the characterized impacts are available in matrix form. The matrix consists of rows and columns where the rows include inventory parameters and the columns unit processes and activities.
As such a simplified version of LCA has been on the horizon mainly from the industry side. Simplification can be achieved by reducing the complexity of a product system during the scope definition phase. There are two commonly used approaches: One is the approach that reduces the effort required for data collection by using similar data, omitting certain life cycle stages, and exclusion of particular inventory parameters. The other approach mainly focuses only on particular types of environmental impacts or inventory parameters such as CO2.