By Hans Reichenbach
Hans Reichenbach, a thinker of technological know-how who was once certainly one of 5 scholars in Einstein's first seminar at the common thought of relativity, turned Einstein's bulldog, protecting the idea opposed to feedback from philosophers, physicists, and renowned commentators. This booklet chronicles the advance of Reichenbach's reconstruction of Einstein's thought in a fashion that in actual fact units out all of its philosophical commitments and its actual predictions in addition to the battles that Reichenbach fought on its behalf, in either the educational and renowned press. The essays comprise experiences and responses to philosophical colleagues; polemical discussions with physicists Max Born and D. C. Miller; in addition to well known articles intended for the layperson. At a time whilst physics and philosophy have been either present process innovative alterations in content material and technique, this publication is a window into the advance of medical philosophy and the position of the thinker.
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Additional info for Defending Einstein: Hans Reichenbach’s Writings on Space, Time and Motion
The most important result of this investigation is that not only is this separation possible, but further that even without the validity of the matter axioms, whose empirical confirmation cannot be completely carried out, the theory of relativity is a valid and complete physical theory. We first develop the axioms for the special theory of relativity. 1 1. Axioms of time order. We first define the time order at a point. A light signal sent from a point A to an arbitrary point B (which may be moving) is reflected and returns back to A.
12 I have elsewhere referred to this method as the “process of successive correction”;13 it is very characteristic of modern physics and allows an unforeseen expansion of the principles of scientific discovery. It is also, for example, applicable to quantum theory, where the discrete structure of energy is verified with the aid of experiments that assume energy to be macroscopically continuous because every computational analysis of the experimental set up naturally works with the concept of energy in the old sense, as a continuous magnitude.
Now this is in fact the method of argumentation employed in the theory of relativity. We will illustrate this with an example that indeed does not prove the falsity of three-dimensional Euclidean geometry, but shows something similar for the four-dimensional space-time manifold. The equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass is proven under the assumption of Euclidean geometry (in three- and four-dimensional space); as in measurements of the torsion balance, this geometry underlies the design of all measuring instruments.