Deafness, Deprivation, and IQ by Jeffery P. Braden

By Jeffery P. Braden

Deafness is a "low prevalence" incapacity and, for that reason no longer studied or understood within the comparable manner as different disabilities. traditionally, study in deafness has been carried out via a small team of people who communicated more often than not with one another. that's not to claim that we didn't occasionally put up within the mainstream or try and speak open air our small circle. still, such a lot examine seemed in deafness-related courses the place it used to be not really to be obvious or valued by way of psychologists. these researchers didn't comprehend what they can leam from the examine of deaf humans or how their wisdom of person fluctuate­ ences and abilites utilized to that inhabitants. In Deafness, Deprivation, ami /Q, Jeffrey Braden pulls jointly frequently unrelated fields: experiences of intelligence and deafness. The e-book comprises the most important unmarried compilation of knowledge describing deaf people's intelligence that exists. here's a cautious, well-documented, and intensely thorough research of almost ali the study to be had. those that have studied human intelligence have lengthy famous that deafness presents a "natural experiment." This e-book makes obvious opposite effects: at the one hand, a little research issues to the influence deafness has on intelligence; nonetheless, the study helps the truth that deafness has little or no, if any, impression on nonverbal measures of intelligence.

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Bilateral Loss occurs in both ears. Treat conductive and sensorineural aspects separately (however, conductive loss often complicates amplification). the sound. Sound intensity is measured on a logarithmic scale denoted by decibels (or dB). Thus, hearing impairment is defined as the intensity needed for an individual to perceive sound at a specific frequency. , the point at which an individual detects the presence of the tone approximately half the time it is present) are measured by repeatedly presenting a tone, while varying the intensity of the tone, until the threshold is identified.

Speech detection threshold (SRT) Intensity of speech (in dB) needed for a person to be aware that speech is present in the environment. Speech reception threshold (SRT). Intensity of speech (in dB) needed for a person to understand speech (may not be attainable for persons with severe and profound hearing losses). Deafness as a Natural Experiment-Revisited 21 Another problem created by the prelingual versus postlingual distinction is that onset is confounded with cause of hearing impairment. , maternal rubella, genetics).

Furthermore, deaf stroke victims show neuropsychological localization of language storage, processing, and production that is remarkably similar to neuropsychological organization in normal-hearing individuals (Poizner, Klima, & Bellugi, 1987). Experimental studies and trauma research suggest that, despite the fact deaf people rely on gestural/visuallanguage modalities, neuropsychological processing of language is similar (though not identical in alI respects) for deaf and normal-hearing peers.

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