Creating a New Medina: State Power, Islam, and the Quest for by Venkat Dhulipala

By Venkat Dhulipala

This ebook examines how the belief of Pakistan used to be articulated and debated within the public sphere and the way well known enthusiasm used to be generated for its winning fulfillment, in particular within the an important province of UP (now Uttar Pradesh) within the final decade of British colonial rule in India. It argues that Pakistan used to be now not a easily a imprecise concept that serendipitously emerged as a countryside, yet was once popularly imagined as a sovereign Islamic nation, a brand new Medina, as a few referred to as it. during this regard, it was once envisaged because the harbinger of Islam's renewal and upward thrust within the 20th century, the recent chief and protector of the worldwide neighborhood of Muslims, and a worthwhile successor to the defunct Turkish Caliphate. The e-book additionally in particular foregrounds the severe position performed by means of Deobandi ulama in articulating this imagined nationwide group with an wisdom of Pakistan's international ancient importance.

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Political elites were not alone in this regard, for similar processes were at work in almost all provinces of British India. P. Muslim politics makes very clear is that the question of who was a ‘nationalist’ and who was a ‘communalist’ was by no means a settled one at this point in time. P. at the advent of the 1935 GOI Act held some of the best prospects for constructing a national political front of India’s major communities in the battle against the Raj. 4 5 Gyanendra Pandey, The Ascendancy of the Congress in Uttar Pradesh: Class, Community and Nation in Northern India, 1920–1940 (London, 2004), 95–96.

Thus far Muslims from both these provinces had paid a heavy price for securing ‘weightage’ for their brethren in the ‘minority provinces’, but assertive politicians such as Fazl-i-Husain were now more intent on consolidating power in their own provinces, rather than be distracted by such fraternal concerns. It is in this scenario that he formed his Unionist Party, a loose cross-communal combination led by Muslims, with Hindu Jat and Sikh landed elites as allies. Riding on the support of a predominantly rural electorate that was sharply limited by income and property 10 11 Ayesha Jalal and Anil Seal, ‘Alternative to Partition: Muslim Politics between the Wars’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol.

P. P. 30 Robinson further substantiated his case by charting the emergence in colonial north India of a new self-conscious community of Muslims in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, united by an acute awareness of its distinct 28 29 30 See the essays in C. H. Phillips and M. D. ), The Partition of India: Policies and Perspectives, 1935-47 (London, 1970). Later works include Deepak Pandey, ‘Congress-Muslim League Relations, 1937–39: The Parting of Ways’, Modern Asian Studies Vol. 4, No.

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