Coordination in Human and Primate Groups by Margarete Boos, Michaela Kolbe, Peter M. Kappeler, Thomas

By Margarete Boos, Michaela Kolbe, Peter M. Kappeler, Thomas Ellwart

Coordination in Human and Primate teams provides one of many first collections of different ways and strategies used to evaluate coordination techniques in teams. Written by way of psychologists and primatologists, the e-book represents a large diversity of coordination study fields reminiscent of social psychology, paintings and organizational psychology, drugs, primatology, and behavioural ecology. it really is designed for researchers and practitioners attracted to realizing the behavioural features of workforce coordination.

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Fichtel (*), L. M. de M. Boos et al. 1007/978-3-642-15355-6_3, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 37 38 C. Fichtel et al. predation risk, joint resource defence, cooperative foraging, shared vigilance, and information transfer (Alexander 1974; Bertram 1978). Living in a group also leads to interindividual conflicts and costs, such as competition over resources and mates, as well as increased pathogen transmission. These factors limit the size of groups and act as a centrifugal force on group cohesion (Alexander 1974; Bertram 1978).

That means that the group should first of all produce and differentiate a large number of design ideas in order to develop a comprehensive problem view. This differentiation has to be reduced during group interaction if the group is ever to reach a final design proposal. For that purpose, increased activity towards the integration of concepts must occur. This pattern of first divergent processes (differentiation of ideas) followed by convergent processes (integration of ideas and concepts) is typical for design processes (Boos 2006b).

Cannon-Bowers and Salas 1998; Cannon-Bowers et al. 1993; Klimoski and Mohammed 1994). A large portion of the challenge of achieving shared mental models is maximising the extent of explicitness in the consensus regarding meanings (for additional details regarding the importance of explicitness concerning meanings, see Chap. 11). 1). Implicit or tacit assumptions regarding terminology are particularly disruptive to joint research efforts, as was alluded to earlier in this section regarding our interdisciplinary project.

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