By Giovanni Pascuzzi, Umberto Izzo, Matteo Macilotti
In the previous few years, the growth in biobanking has caused a full of life debate on a number of interrelated felony concerns, comparable to the Gordian knot of the possession of organic fabrics, in addition to privateness issues. The latter are a result of trouble of accepting that organic samples has to be thoroughly nameless with no making it essentially very unlikely to use their info capability. the problems additionally contain the fragile function and the altering content material of the donor’s “informed consent” because the major felony instrument that could serve to hyperlink the privateness and estate pursuits of donors with the study pursuits and the set of rules that are meant to be on the center of the biobanking perform. finally, the IP concerns and the patentability of organic samples in addition to the security of databases storing genetic info got from the samples are lined. gathering eighteen essays written by means of eminent students from Italy, the USA, the united kingdom and Canada, this booklet offers new options to those difficulties. From a comparative standpoint, it explores the level to which electronic know-how might help in tackling the various regulatory matters raised via the perform of biobanking for learn reasons. those concerns might be thought of and analyzed below the normal paradigms of estate, privateness, educated Consent and highbrow Property.
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Additional info for Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks: Property, Privacy, Intellectual Property, and the Role of Technology
Indeed, Sangamo’s patents do not elicit the furious opposition that some unpopular patents do, such as those held by Myriad Genetics and the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF). 55 WARF’s patents on human embryonic stem cells were long the bane of many academic scientists and consumer groups. 56 In contrast, Sangamo has no genetic test for which it is extracting a high cost from patients and health insurers. org. Accessed 25 October 2010. Sander et al. (2007). The Consortium also archives plasmids that code for zinc finger modules, which Addgene distributes to academic scientists.
15 UK Biobank Ethics and Governance Council, Annual Review 2009, at 9. 16 UK Biobank Ethics and Governance Council, Annual Review 2008, p. 13. 14 48 R. Brownsword present context, a comprehensive review is not possible. Accordingly, it should be understood that the review that follows is no more than an indicative sketch of the way in which these questions would be approached in a community of rights. 1 Clinical Feedback If a community qualifies as a community of rights simply by treating a rights-based ethic as governing, then there will be many such qualifying communities with many articulations of the constitutive rights commitments.
Moreover, the Consortium makes relevant ZFP and ZFN plant technology freely available. 68 This concern has, I think, little weight. Almost any company that has a patent portfolio and trade secrets will have to decide with whom to deal. Business judgments of this sort are sometimes straightforward and sometimes highly complicated. Part of what it means to have intellectual property is to have the legal power to make choices of this kind. That is one reason why open-source alternatives such as the Zinc Finger Consortium are a valuable counterweight.