Communism and Nationalism in Postwar Cyprus, 1945-1955: by Alexios Alecou

By Alexios Alecou

This booklet analyzes the occasions that impacted the constitution and aggressive approaches of the 2 dominant Cypriot political factions whereas below the watchful eye of British rule. in accordance with new archival study, Alecou addresses the social and political setting within which the Cypriot Communists and Nationalists fought one another whereas even as needed to struggle the British Empire. the variations among communists and nationalists introduced the 2 facets to a frontal collision within the wake of the occasions of the Greek civil conflict. the category clash inside Cypriot society might at some point soon necessarily lead, in a single means or one other, to a conflict among the 2 factions. The civil warfare in Greece constituted one other box of clash among Left and correct, accelerating the formation of a bipolar celebration method within which the vertical department of the Greek group in Cyprus finally expressed itself.

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Additional info for Communism and Nationalism in Postwar Cyprus, 1945-1955: Politics and Ideologies Under British Rule

Sample text

Under its new enosis line, AKEL submitted a proposal to the ethnarchy for collaboration, which was rejected. ”49 THE NATIONALIST CAMP Unlike the left, which had been developing ideologically and institutionally since the early 1920s, the right dominated Cypriot society, even when it wasn’t working coherently and uniformly. An amalgam of influential personages from the bourgeoisie and the Church, held together by national irredentism and traditional values, was the dominant force under the British administration.

3. The uncoordinated decisions and reckless individual actions, which present the officials of KEK as disagreeing with themselves and each 36 A. ALECOU other, so that the lurking deft rival can procure benefits and constantly expand their arsenal from those officials, impart this faction a character that is hardly serious. 4. 73 The difficulty the right had when facing a diverse, organized, and capacious (center) left that took care to initiate and maintain a number of political and social movements clearly became apparent during the municipal elections of 1946.

The national conscience of Greek Cypriots, as with other nations, was acquired. Only when the intelligentsia began developing in the urban centers did it gradually become apparent to Greek Cypriots that they were part of a wider national community. 59 From the early years of the war and during the period the KKK was still outlawed, the left had begun building Rural Cultural Associations in the countryside. These were, in fact, a cover for the co-location of its COMMUNISM AND NATIONALISM IN CYPRUS 33 guilds and general organizations in rural communities, while also serving to awaken the farmers and penetrate the “conservative” countryside.

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