By Ornit Shani
Belligerent Hindu nationalism, observed by means of habitual communal violence among Hindus and Muslims, has develop into a compelling strength in Indian politics during the last twenty years. Ornit Shani's publication examines the increase of Hindu nationalism, asking why special teams of Hindus, deeply divided by means of caste, mobilised at the foundation of unitary Hindu nationalism, and why the Hindu nationalist rhetoric concerning the danger of the impoverished Muslim minority used to be so persuasive to the Hindu majority. utilizing proof from communal violence in Gujarat, Shani argues that the expansion of communalism was once no longer easily as a result of Hindu-Muslim antagonisms, yet was once pushed through intensifying tensions between Hindus, nurtured via alterations within the family among castes and linked country regulations. those, in flip, have been often displaced onto Muslims, therefore allowing caste conflicts to strengthen and deepen communal rivalries. The ebook bargains a problem to past scholarship at the upward push of communalism, to be able to be welcomed through scholars and pros.
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Extra info for Communalism, Caste and Hindu Nationalism: The Violence in Gujarat
50 The patterns of population movement within the city became common knowledge among the inhabitants of Ahmedabad. This form of everyday knowledge endured even with the expansion of the city in other directions and the migration of population from other places. 51 The migration of labour to Ahmedabad, with the developing textile industry, created a growing need for inexpensive housing. From the early 1920s, the mill-owners started building chawls for their workers outside the old city walls next to the mills on its eastern side.
These tensions were inscribed upon the developing urban face of Ahmedabad. The city therefore constituted a derived text from which social conflicts could be inferred. The growing uncertainties among Hindus were exacerbated and given a new impetus by the economic circumstances of the 1980s. De-industrialisation For more than a century the textile mill industry had been the backbone of Ahmedabad’s economy and the key to its expansion. With its related vocations and commerce, it had become the principal means of livelihood for most of the city dwellers, and for the many new migrants.
These small cooperative apartment 39 40 41 Weekly, 18 September 1976, pp. 1519–20. For the view of three Ahmedabads see Achyut Yagnik and Anil Bhatt, ‘The Anti-Dalit Agitation in Gujarat’, p. , Creating a Nationality, pp. 110–11; interview with Ashok Shrimali, 14/11/97; Yagnik and Sheth, The Shaping of Modern Gujarat, pp. 229–30. In the 1980s a study of the old city estimated about 500 pols in thirteen wards of the walled city. Anjana Desai, Environmental Perception: The Human Factor in Urban Planning, Delhi: Ashish Publishing House, 1985, p.