By Denny Roy (auth.)
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Extra resources for China’s Foreign Relations
After several weeks of warnings in the Chinese media that the offshore islands would soon be recovered, PLA artillery began shelling them in September 1954. In response, US warships steamed toward the Taiwan Strait. Tension continued to escalate through March 1955, when both Eisenhower and his Vice-President Richard Nixon publicly suggested the United States might use nuclear weapons against China in connection with the Straits crisis -threats which provided a strong impetus toward the CCP leadership's decision to undertake its own nuclear weapons programme (Lewis and Xue, 1988; Chang, 1988, p.
The Chinese won a decisive victory, eliminating Indian military outposts from the disputed area. The Chinese could have advanced further, but instead they unilaterally withdrew. Official Indian losses were about 1,400 killed and 1,700 missing; Chinese casualties were somewhat less. Exporting Revolution in the 1960s China's renewed interest in promoting 'armed struggle' abroad paralleled the replacement of the politically moderate defence minister Peng Dehuai by radical leftist Lin Biao in 1958.
Similarly, Chinese elites see a close connection between domestic political problems and foreign influence. There are two important reasons for this. First, the Chinese political system equates regime security with national security. Continued leadership by the CCP is vital to the maintainence of China's progress, prosperity and stability. Members of many a ruling party throughout the world would like to be taken seriously when they tell their populace that removing them from power will ruin the country.