By Martin Krampen
This publication is devoted to all those that love little ones and their impressive, usually fabulous, drawings. this suggests it addresses all these attracted to their devel oping ability to provide "iconic" indicators: mom and dad, academics, baby psychologists, artists, architects (since construction drawings are handled here), and semioticians at large-to identify yet a number of power readers. as a result of extensive viewers, i attempted to maintain medical jargon to a minimal. each time this was once unavoidable, i attempted to provide an explanation for the phrases in the sort of means that even novices in psychology may well comprehend my arguments. I acquired the 1st impulse to contemplate a e-book like this from the Interna tional yr of the kid declared by means of the UN in 1979. In a primary section of the venture, I got drawings of the six diverse construction forms handled during this e-book from greater than a hundred kids elderly 3-12 years in Turkey in the course of a remain there as a part of the school of structure of the Karadeniz Technical college in Trabzon less than the auspices of the UN ESCO/UNDP software TUR/75/012. My specified thank you visit Dr. Erdem Aksoy, then president of the collage, and Dr. Ozgontil Aksoy, then dean of the school of structure and Civil Engineering, for his or her encouragement to hold out the venture. i might additionally prefer to thank Dr. Kutzal Oztlirk, Sevinc Erttirk, Ali Ozbilen, Hasan Saltik, including all of the lecturers in nursery and simple colleges in and round Trabzon who helped to gather the drawings.
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Additional info for Children’s Drawings: Iconic Coding of the Environment
7. Imitation of adults' writing. The Second Phase (4-5 Years) Formal Inventory of the Second Phase In the second phase of graphic activity, the repertory of graphic forms expands considerably. , visual identification of forms and identical reproduction of specific "geometric" forms), and representational abilities (figurative drawings). Whereas the first phase was characterized by an oscillation between a priori and a posteriori verbal interpretation of impulsive graphic gestures and the repetition of simple schemata, graphic activity now becomes more organized.
Prerequisites for this development are two types of control, both consequences of muscular maturation (especially that of the flexor in the wrist): motor control and perceptual control. Motor control leads to fragmentation of continuous lines by "breaking" rapid scribbling movements and to the rotative isolation of single lines out of tight scribbles. Perceptual control can graft itself onto the slowing down and fragmentation of motor activity. Formerly, the eyes just followed the traces made by the pencil.
Fundaments of Writing During the first phase, the motoric preconditions of writing mature. As a result, antagonistic directions can now be controlled proprioceptively. 5). 6). The production of hybrids is, in fact, the motor base of writing. As yet, however, there is no differentiation between iconic and written conventional signs. It is toward the end of this development that children first imitate adults' writing or their signatures (Figure 5. 7). This leads to early attempts at "signing" their own drawings by hybrid slopes.