By Eva Nemeth
Caraway, the 7th quantity within the sequence Medicinal and fragrant crops - commercial Profiles, collects jointly the entire present details in reference to the biology, chemistry, agrotechnology and usage of the plant genus Carum. After an outline on all Carum species, it bargains generally with th most vital species Carum carvi L. The clinical and financial value of the genus in addition to imminent effects and destiny views are discussed.Authors from a few international locations provide information regarding important traditions in addition to the main updated study effects. Physiological, genetic and agrotechnological specialities of annual and biennial forms of caraway are mentioned seperately. The e-book offers an summary of the anatomical constitution of crucial organs of the plant, and its chemical components. it additionally discusses construction practices together with submit harvest strategies, caliber specifications and usage of the plant's items in pharmacology, and the alimentary and cosmetics industries. The vast scope of displays illustrated with various tables and figures deals first-class fabric for scientists, academics and scholars who're attracted to medicinal and fragrant vegetation.
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Extra info for Caraway: The Genus Carum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles)
Abscisic Acid in Carum Umbellifers are not easy to grow from seeds. The studies undertaken in order to find out the reason of such poor germination have revealed, among others, the occurrence of free endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) in Umbelliferous fruits, Carum carvi among them. The presence of this compound was substantiated by combined GC-MS and quantified by optical dispersion methods. Abscisic acid (syn. dormin, abscisin II) is known as an abscissionaccelerating plant hormone and its structure is presented on Figure 4.
Their resolution became possible after application of HPLC on permethylated β-cyclodextrin. Stereochemical representation of possible isomers as well as both isomeric carveols are shown on the Figure 7. Terpenoic constituents of Carum, beside appreciated biological activity, are of interest for organic chemists as natural building blocks used in enantioselective syntheses of natural compounds. 2. Flavonoids of Carum Flavonoids (flavonoid glycosides) are the other important group of Carum secondary metabolites relatively early studied and recognized due to diversified biological activity this group of compounds usually exerts.
N. (1974) Increase in volatile oil and chemical composition in the seeds of caraway and fennel plants induced by succinic acid 2,2-dimethylhydrazide. Biol. , 16, 123–126. C. C. K. M. (1967) Study of Indian caraway and its substituents. The Indian J. of Pharmacy, 29, 42–44. , Wang, N. and Yuan, C. (1989) Studies on Chinese traditional medicine “Fang Feng” II. Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 43, 216. CA 112, 240358x. Bauer, F, Vali, S. and Stachelberger, H. (1988) Composition and content of carbohydrates in spices.