Buffalo Nationalism - A Critique of Spiritual Fascism by Kancha Ilaiah

By Kancha Ilaiah

O mom Lachumamma, your shirt is torn/ Your hair is dirty, your sari in rags/ you haven't any funds to shop for new ones./ Even in that situation what have you ever performed? You planted saplings, jogging backwards like a bull/ with a purpose to produce meals from the dust. Kancha Ilaiah interprets those phrases of the Telugu poet, singer, activist Gaddar to stress the productiveness of the standard humans, the Dalit-Bahujans of India, who obtain so little in go back, disadvantaged of the earnings of improvement and globalization yet now not of the losses of their wake. Arguing forcefully for social justice, this publication encompasses a choice from Kancha Ilaiah's columns in renowned newspapers just like the Hindu, the Deccan usher in, the Deccan Chronicle, the Hindustan occasions between others, and journals like Mainstream and the industrial and Political Weekly. Strongly advocating the Dalitization of Indian society that might undo its moorings in religious fascism, which refuses equality or freedom to the bulk, he commends the confident values of the buffalo as a efficient beast that epitomizes the features of the Dalit-Bahujans. one of several concerns he tackles are definitely the right to conversion, the function of the OBCs as supplying muscle strength to the Hindutva forces, the principal desire for the unfold of English among all castes and for reservation quotas in schooling and employment, on globalization and gender. Combative, heartfelt, intellectually rigorous, those items current his imaginative and prescient of a extra simply society.

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13, Gyeongsang National University, 1997 See my book, Hanguk Hyeondae Minjokundongsa Yeongu (A Study on the National Movement in Contemporary Korea), Vol. 2, Yeoksabipyeongsa Publishers, 1991, pp. 389–390. qxd 21/9/07 2:20 pm Page 22 2 National Question and State in Korea: Focusing on the Bourgeois Class and the Ruling Elite THE DEFICIENCY OF KOREA’S BOURGEOIS CLASS: CRACKS IN NATIONALISM AND MODERNIZATION I t is difficult to form a systematic understanding of modern Korean history because of its complexity and intricacy, derived primarily from concerns of the national question.

Historical understanding in the age of division was governed by Cold War ideology, and all the Korean people were its prisoners, albeit not in equal measure. Cold War ideology was closely linked with political legitimacy and found expression in North Korea in the forms of proletarian dictatorship and Juche thought that served as a linchpin of the state’s monocratic system. Its influence on the question of unification is evident in the theory of the democratic base. In South Korea, Cold War ideology was synonymous with anti-communist ideology, and the state used violence to enforce it.

In the context of Western Europe, the development of capitalism, based on a regional division of labour, led to the formation of national economies and the emergence of nation-states. The bourgeoisie played a pivotal role in the formation of modern politics, society and culture. It is also remarkable that the processes of the formation of modern society and the development of nationalism overlap in many aspects. A similar situation prevailed in the non-aligned countries. In many countries of the so-called Third World, nationalism and modernization were not dichotomous; on the contrary, nationalism was mobilized to achieve rapid modernization and the development of a nation-state.

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