By Ingo Gildenhard, Martin Revermann
Past the 5th Century brings jointly thirteen students from a variety of disciplines (Classics, old historical past, Mediaeval stories) to discover interactions with Greek tragedy from the 4th century BC as much as the center a while. the quantity breaks new flooring in different methods: in its chronological scope, a few of the modes of reception thought of, the pervasive curiosity in interactions among tragedy and society-at-large, and the truth that a few reports are of a comparative nature.
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Extra resources for Beyond the Fifth Century: Interactions with Greek Tragedy from the Fourth Century BCE to the Middle Ages
Keen and Flori are together responsible for this, although neither writer doubted that chivalry existed and noble conduct could be comprehended by the word. Keen is responsible because he brought to the fore the secular side of chivalry, and so opened new avenues of investigating noble conduct. Flori is responsible because he made the troubling observation that the word ‘chevalerie’ was not applied to noble conduct until the end of the twelfth century. Flori opens up the question as to what was noble conduct before chivalry became the word for it.
H. Suchier (Société des anciens textes français, 1884), ll. 6033–4, that ‘anger and distress are things that happen in good measure to many preudome’. FROM PREUDOMMIE TO CHEVALERIE (estultie). 6 The preudomme can be said on this evidence to have been an ‘ideal type’ (to borrow a concept of Max Weber). It was already recognisable to lay people in the year 1100, and must certainly have been known in the preceding century too. Like any ideal type, the preudomme had a fitful relationship with reality; few men fitted all the requirements to be considered one.
A. Micha (Classiques français du moyen âge, 1957), ll. 188–213. FROM PREUDOMMIE TO CHEVALERIE Preudomme remained the defining French vernacular word for a virtuous and worthy aristocrat for centuries after the Song of Roland, and, as we have seen, writers began consciously to number and define the qualities the word evoked. By 1200 the urge to define ideal noble conduct was becoming increasingly powerful, as the boundaries of social groups were beginning to coalesce in people’s minds. Conduct was one way to establish who was or was not noble.