Basque Nationalism and the Spanish State (Basque Series) by Andre Lecours

By Andre Lecours

An exam of Basque nationalism from a historic point of view Basque nationalism has been widely tested from the views of Basque tradition and inner stipulations within the Basque state, yet Andre Lecours is without doubt one of the first to illustrate how Basque nationalism used to be formed through the various kinds and old stages of the Spanish kingdom. His dialogue employs essentially the most debated techniques within the social sciences -- old institutionalism -- and it comprises an updated exam of the situations for, and outcomes of, contemporary occasions resembling ETA's declaration in 2006 of an everlasting cease-fire. Lecours additionally analyzes different elements of Basque nationalism, together with the diplomacy of the Basque self sufficient executive, in addition to the responses of the modern Spanish country and the way it deploys its personal model of nationalism. ultimately, the e-book bargains a comparative dialogue of Basque, Catalan, Scottish, Flemish, and Quebecois nationalist routine, suggesting that nationalism within the Basque kingdom, regardless of the old presence of violence, is in lots of methods just like nationalism in different industrialized democracies. Basque Nationalism and the Spanish country is an unique and provocative dialogue that's crucial studying for an individual attracted to the Basques or within the improvement of recent nationalist routine.

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The argument, however, is that the structure of the early Spanish state is central to the later emergence and continued strength of Basque nationalism insofar as the building of the Spanish state was not accompanied by a comprehensive effort to build a Spanish nation that would include all of the Crown’s subjects in the Iberian Peninsula. The complex political makeup of the territories of present-day Spain before unification discouraged the imposition of centralized and symmetrical structures, and made difficult an effective integration of all the kingdoms.

The fueros in Spain had their roots in the Reconquista since they “originated in legal statuses awarded . . 31 Fueros were akin to constitutions in the sense that they were codes that defined the political relationship between the Crown and the local authority involved. These codes were presented to the monarch for securing an understanding of the treatment and position of a territory’s population within a larger political ensemble. The fueros were also intended to protect specific customs that could be threatened by the change in ruler.

Chapter 3 suggests that the authoritarian state represented a critical juncture in the development of Basque nationalism because it provided this nationalism with great legitimacy and assured its wide diffusion to civil society. Differently put, the authoritarian state made Spanish nationalism unpalatable to most Basques. The Franco dictatorship had the unintended consequence of equating (substate) nationalist politics with democracy because its authoritarian rule was based on opposition to the ideas of cultural differences and territorial autonomy.

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