Artificial Muscles: Applications of Advanced Polymeric by Mohsen Shahinpoor

By Mohsen Shahinpoor

Shrewdpermanent fabrics are the best way of the long run in quite a few fields, from biomedical engineering and chemistry to nanoscience, nanotechnology, and robotics. that includes an interdisciplinary method of shrewdpermanent fabrics and buildings, man made muscle groups: functions of complicated Polymeric Nanocomposites completely experiences the present wisdom of ionic polymeric conductor nanocomposites (IPCNCs), together with ionic polymeric steel nanocomposites (IPMNCs) as biomimetic disbursed nanosensors, nanoactuators, nanotransducers, nanorobots, synthetic muscular tissues, and electrically controllable clever polymeric community constructions. Authored via one of many founding fathers of the sphere, the publication introduces fabrication and production tools of a number of electrically and chemically lively ionic polymeric sensors, actuators, and synthetic muscle tissues, in addition to a brand new classification of electrically energetic polymeric nanocomposites and synthetic muscle tissues. It additionally describes a number of apparatuses for modeling and trying out a number of synthetic muscle mass to teach the viability of chemoactive and electroactive muscle mass. The authors current the theories, modeling, and numerical simulations of ionic polymeric synthetic muscular tissues’ electrodynamics and chemodynamics. additionally, they function present commercial and scientific functions of IPMNCs. via protecting the fabrication concepts of and novel advancements in complex polymeric nanocomposites, this publication presents a high-quality beginning within the topic whereas stimulating extra examine.

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2 Modeling ....................................................................... 3 More Detailed Mathematical Modeling PAN Fiber Contraction/Expansion.................................................. 4 PAN Actuator System Design and Fabrication ............ 5 Further Modeling .......................................................... 6 PAN Actuator Fabrication............................................. 7 Additional Modeling..................................................... 8 Small-Scale PAN Actuator Fabrication ........................

3 Peristaltic Pumps.............................................................................. 4 Artificial Smooth Muscle Actuators ................................................ 5 Artificial Sphincter and Ocular Muscles ......................................... 6 Incontinence Assist Devices ............................................................ 7 Correction of Refractive Errors of the Human Eyes and Bionic Eyes and Vision............................................................. 364 Aerospace Applications................................................................................

421 Subject Index........................................................................................................ 1 INTRODUCTION The focus of many scientists and researchers has been to achieve efficiencies as high as 50% in direct conversion of chemical to mechanical energy as occurs in biological muscles. In comparison, most internal combustion engines and steam turbines have about 30% efficiency at best. First, it would be useful to give a brief review of electroactive polymers in general.

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