By Ben Coppin
Meant for desktop technological know-how scholars, this textbook explains present efforts to exploit algorithms, heuristics, and methodologies in response to the ways that the human mind solves difficulties within the fields of computer studying, multi-agent platforms, computing device imaginative and prescient, making plans, and enjoying video games. It covers neighborhood seek tools, propositional and predicate good judgment, ideas and specialist platforms, neural networks, Bayesian trust networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy good judgment, and clever brokers.
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You will probably use some knowledge about where you were on the field to help you look for it. If you spent time in only half of the field, you do not need to waste time looking in the other half. Now let us suppose that you are having a computer search the field for the contact lens, and let us further suppose that the computer has access to an omniscient oracle that will answer questions about the field and can accurately identify whether the contact lens is in a particular spot. Now we must choose a representation for the computer to use so that it can formulate the correct questions to ask.
2 The Chinese Room We will start by examining philosophical objections to strong AI, in particular the Chinese Room argument of John Searle. The American philosopher John Searle has argued strongly against the proponents of strong AI who believe that a computer that behaves sufficiently intelligently could in fact be intelligent and have consciousness, or mental states, in much the same way that a human does. One example of this is that it is possible using data structures called scripts (see Chapter 17) to produce a system that can be given a story (for example, a story about a man having dinner in a restaurant) and then answer questions (some of which involve a degree of subtlety) about the story.
The Stephen Spielberg film AI: Artificial Intelligence is a good example. In this film, a couple buy a robotic boy to replace their lost son. The audience’s sympathies are for the boy who feels emotions and is clearly as intelligent (if not more so) as a human being. This is strong AI, and while it may be the ultimate goal of some Artificial Intelligence research, even the most optimistic proponents of strong AI would agree that it is not likely to be achieved in the next century. 4 AI in the 21st Century Artificial Intelligence is all around us.