Arms and Armour of the Warrior Saints: Tradition and by Piotr L. Grotowski

By Piotr L. Grotowski

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1-3=Lazarev 1970, fig. on p. 83). Slightly later works include: 12th-C. icons with St George from St George's Monastery in Novgorod and housed in the cathedral of the Dormition (Uspensky Sobor) in the Moscow Kremlin, and a fresco in St George's Church (c. 1170-90) in Staraya Ladoga (Lazarev 1970, figs. on pp. 55, 84-6). 1130, initially in Kievan Rus', and in time also in the Suzdal Principality, and is examined by Ivanov 2004, 99, 103-04; and White 2004, passim. 24 Bulgaria was brought under the control of Byzantium by Basil II and remained within its frontiers until 1185 (recently see Treadgold 1997, 522-33, 657; and Paul Stephenson, "Balkan Borderlands 1018-1204" in The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c.

Pp. 2-5). 13 See Kolias (1993) who sees the main evidence for Phokas's reformatory activities in the attribution to him of the military manual texts and ordinances regulating the question of distribution of land to soldiers; Magdalino 1997,16-26; cf. Shilov (2001) who regards as unsatisfactory the theories of Kolias and other students of this problem. 14 see below, p. 34. is Markovic (1995a, 211-13) identifies the obvious classicizing of the uniforms of warrior saints from Manasija as well as discrepancies between their arms and armour and surviving weapons from the time.

In KEDRENOS Soldiers' salaries and changes in the army's wage structure are examined by Southern/Dixon 1996, 76-82 (for the Late Roman period, with special considera1:75318-22. SOURCES 23 Justinian I replaced these handouts of clothing and arms by their monetary equivalent, but already Maurice reverted to the free distribution of arms from the imperial armamenton, though not without provoking the army's objections 23 Constantine Porphyrogennetos in his part of the continuation of Theophanes' chronicle, describing Basil I's reorganization of the units of tagmata in the capital, states that the emperor mustered and armed the soldiers24 The outfitting of the army by the emperor is also mentioned by many other Middle Byzantine sources, tion of annona-for which, see also E.

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