By Pamphilus, Thomas Scheck
Presented right here for the 1st time in English translation (from Rufinus's Latin model) is the Apology for Origen, the only surviving paintings of St. Pamphilus of Caesarea (d. 310 AD), who was once probably the most celebrated priest-martyrs of the traditional Church. Written from criminal with the collaboration of Eusebius (later to turn into the bishop of Caesarea), the Apology makes an attempt to refute accusations made opposed to Origen, protecting his perspectives with passages quoted from his personal works. Pamphilus goals to teach Origen's constancy to the apostolic proclamation, mentioning excerpts that show Origen's orthodoxy and his vehement repudiation of heresy. He then takes up a sequence of particular accusations raised opposed to Origen's doctrine, quoting passages from Origen's writings that confute fees raised opposed to his Christology. a few excerpts display that Origen didn't deny the heritage of the biblical narratives; others make clear Origen's doctrine of souls and points of his eschatology. Pamphilus was once beheaded on February sixteen, 310, less than the emperor Maximinus Daia.
In 397 advert, on the pressing invitation of his buddy Macarius, Rufinus of Aquileia translated Pamphilus's Apology into Latin, the 1st of his vast translations of Origen's writings. Rufinus most likely didn't suspect the incomparable significance of his venture, yet by means of translating Origen he stored from approaching damage one of the most helpful monuments of Christian antiquity, destined to shape Latin minds for a few years to come.
Also offered during this quantity is a brand new English translation of Rufinus's paintings, On the Falsification of the Books of Origen within which Rufinus units forth arguments for his concept that Origen's writings had suffered interpolations through heretics. Rufinus demonstrates that literary frauds and forgeries conducted via heretics have been frequent and affected many writers. He could have been misled by means of his excessive admire for Origen's genius, and he definitely exaggerated while he claimed that each one the doctrinal mistakes to be met with in Origen's works have been as a result of interpolations.
ABOUT THE TRANSLATOR:
Thomas P. Scheck is assistant professor of classics and theology at Ave Maria college. he's the translator of numerous works of the Church Fathers: Origen's Commentary at the Epistle to the Romans, Homilies on Numbers, and Homilies on Ezekiel, St. Jerome's Commentary on Matthew, and Commentaries on Galatians, Titus, and Philemon. His study pursuits comprise the reception of the Church Fathers within the West and the theology of Erasmus of Rotterdam.
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Extra info for Apology for Origen: with On the Falsification of the Books of Origen by Rufinus
Cf. C. Kannengiesser, “Christology,” in The Westminster Handbook to Origen, ed. J. . ” 69. “Damnosa haereditas,” 166–67. 70. See my chart on pp. 1–2 in Scheck, Origen and the History of Justification. 71. R. P. C. ” 293–303. INTRODUCTION 23 cerpts in question (Apology 94–99) claim to be from Origen’s Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. Hanson reaches a negative verdict on the question of authenticity, as do Amacker and Junod, Williams, and Röwekamp. It appears to me that these scholars are correct and that Rufinus has indeed glossed this text with wording that reflects that used in the Dialogue of Adamantius.
Just as in a civil war, they rejoice that Origen has been attacked, a man whom they themselves were not able to attack with their own hostility. 18. Since, therefore, very many of the simpler brothers whom we mentioned above are being injured not only by those who think badly of him, but also by those who, in their zeal to know and understand the Scriptures, examine among the other books Origen’s writings as well—to the point that you yourselves are wondering whether to put faith in either the multitude or the authority of the calumniators, with respect to the things that are being spread abroad everywhere without the least regard—it seemed good to us, in the first place, to attend to your suspicion; then, at the same time, too, by the opportunity you have given, to refute the charges of all who are disparaging him.
In this half of the Apology, Pamphilus arranges his excerpts from Origen’s writings around the framework given by these accusations. There is intense scholarly debate concerning the authenticity of the wording of certain excerpts within this section of the Apology. On the subject of the Christological and Trinitarian texts, several important articles have appeared in English. R. Williams endeavors to show that Rufinus’s translation has reworked Pamphilus’s original theological agenda into a form that is more relevant to late fourth-century theological ideas.