Animals: Creatures That Roam the Planet (Natural Resources) by Julie Kerr Casper PhD

By Julie Kerr Casper PhD

Throughout the process thousands of years, animals have tailored to varied environments on the earth. even if animals have advanced over geologic time to Earth's consistently altering environments, and even if the extinctions of yes species are general, in no different time within the planet's heritage has the extinction expense climbed as excessive because it is this day. explanations of this remarkable extinction fee contain destruction of natural world habitat, toxins, overfishing, and poaching. "Animals" illustrates those pressing matters in a fashion available to center and highschool readers.

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Extra resources for Animals: Creatures That Roam the Planet (Natural Resources)

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Consumers get their energy from the carbon bonds made by producers. Another term for consumers is heterotrophs. Based on what they eat, there are four groups of heterotrophs (see table below). Groups of Heterotrophs Consumer Trophic level Food source Herbivores Primary Plants Carnivores Secondary or higher Animals Omnivores All levels Plants and animals Detritivores All levels Detritus renewable and nonrenewable resources Energy moves through an ecosystem in the form of ­carbon-­carbon bonds. The process of respiration breaks the ­carbon-­carbon bonds.

For practical applications, some scientists consider a 42 renewable and nonrenewable resources renewable resource one that can be replenished within one generation (approximately 20–30 years). For many classes of resources, it is easy to determine which resources are renewable and which are not. For example, in the case of energy resources, fossil fuels (oil and petroleum) and coal are not renewable because they took millions of years to form. Even though the same geological forces are still active today, these resources—which were formed from the remains of dinosaurs and ancient vegetation millions of years ago—will never be replaced within our lifetime.

A giant asteroid colliding with the Earth at the end of the Cretaceous—the extinction that marked the end of the dinosaurs— was proposed by physicist Luis Alvarez in 1980. He proposed that based on an unusually large amount of a rare element called iridium found in the rocks between the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods. Iridium is extremely rare in the Earth’s crust, but is much more common in asteroids. If a large enough asteroid slammed into the Earth, it could have sent a huge shock wave around the globe—similar to a nuclear explosion—and the immense heat and winds would have caused widespread fires of global proportions.

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