By Richard Folkson
Most autos run on fossil fuels, and this offers a tremendous emissions challenge as call for for gas maintains to extend. Alternative Fuels and complex automobile applied sciences gives an summary of key advancements in complicated fuels and automobile applied sciences to enhance the strength potency and environmental influence of the automobile region.
Part I considers the function of other fuels comparable to electrical energy, alcohol, and hydrogen gasoline cells, in addition to complicated ingredients and oils, in environmentally sustainable shipping. half II explores equipment of revising engine and automobile layout to enhance environmental functionality and gasoline economic climate. It includes chapters on advancements in layout, aerodynamics, combustion, and transmission. eventually, half III outlines advancements in electrical and hybrid motor vehicle applied sciences, and gives an outline of the advantages and boundaries of those cars by way of their environmental influence, protection, fee, and layout practicalities.
Alternative Fuels and complicated automobile applied sciences is a customary reference for pros, engineers, and researchers within the car region, in addition to car brands, gas approach builders, and teachers with an curiosity during this field.
- Provides a broad-ranging evaluation of contemporary examine into complex fuels and car applied sciences that may be instrumental in bettering the power potency and environmental influence of the automobile sector
- Reviews the advance of other fuels, extra effective engines, and powertrain applied sciences, in addition to hybrid and electrical motor vehicle technologies
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Additional info for Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance. Towards Zero Carbon Transportation
The hydrogen generation process is likely to be via the electrolysis of water and this represents by far the greatest energy input to the process. For this reason the fuels produced in this way may be referred to as ‘electrofuels’ as they are essentially vectors for the storage and distribution of electricity generated from renewable energy. When the feed stocks are water and CO2 from the atmosphere the fuel production and use cycle is materially closed and therefore sustainable. Such a cycle offers security of feed stock supply on a par with that of the ‘hydrogen economy’ since the time scale for mixing of CO2 in the atmosphere is sufficiently short to ensure a homogeneous distribution.
4 billion tons of methanol (Niu and Shi, 2011). Although the use of methanol is also ostensibly driven by security of supply, which has also led to the recent construction of several large methanol production plants, lower cost methanol from natural gas-fed plants is being imported. Methanol made from coal has a carbon intensity of approximately twice 36 Alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies that of gasoline, whereas natural gas-sourced methanol has a similar carbon intensity to gasoline (Bandi and Specht, 2006).
Advances in metal–air batteries, where oxygen from the ambient air is drawn through a porous cathode, have recently been made using ionic liquid electrolytes, but these technologies are presently in the early stages of laboratory testing (Rodgers and Voth, 2007). Such advances might clearly reduce the mass disadvantage of batteries. Hydrogen is also fundamentally limited as an energy carrier in that it is the least dense element in the Periodic Table. 1, which includes the system package volumes and masses, shows that, while the net on-board energy density of hydrogen comfortably exceeds that of current batteries, it is still very low compared with liquid fuels.