By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics examine and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious parts in either sustainable strength and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation bargains approach simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions savings and effort protection. complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions provides a accomplished evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and fuel strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 stories membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, usual gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute strength functions and effort garage, similar to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its special editors and staff of professional participants, complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is an important reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a accomplished assessment of membrane technological know-how and know-how, concentrating on advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane methods and separation and membrane characterization and fiscal analysis
- Addresses the main problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline energy vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute power purposes and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
Multi-cycle ﬁltration tests demonstrated signiﬁcant anti-irreversible fouling of the modiﬁed PVDF membrane. Speciﬁcally, all modiﬁed membranes reached almost 100% water ﬂux recovery and maintained the initial ﬂuxes constant in multicycle tests. Similar to much other research, this change was attributed to an increase in the surface hydrophilicity of the membrane. 6 Aluminum oxide nanoparticles The stability, availability, hydrophilicity, and suitable mechanical strength of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) nanoparticles make this inorganic material another option for preparing of nanocomposite membranes.
The incorporation of TiO2 nanoparticles into PA resulted in an increase in water ﬂux owing to the enhancement of hydrophilicity in the membranes. 0 wt%, the optimum membrane performance was obtained together with strong mechanical properties. In more concentration of TiO2, the permeation ﬂux increased and salt rejection decreased signiﬁcantly. Moreover, the decrease in mechanical strength of the membranes resulted in easier peeling-off of the PA-TiO2 layer from PES substrate after the ﬁltration experiment.
2 Clay nanoparticles Clay nanoparticles are another inorganic additive for enhancing membrane performance. Unmodiﬁed montmorillonites (NaþÀMMT) and Cloisite grades (modiﬁed MMT) are widely used nanoﬁllers in the preparation of polymer nanocomposites. Montmorillonite contains phyllosilicate groups and possesses an octahedral sheet sandwiched between two tetrahedral sheets, forming a plate-shaped structure (with the average diameter around 1 mm) (Abdollahi, Rahmatpour, Aalaie, & Khanbabae, 2008; Xie, Tan, Liao, and Liu, 2010).